According to the 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, nearly 1.9 million or 0.8 percent of the population aged 18 or older are current cocaine users, meaning they have used the drug in the past month. About a quarter of all cocaine users smoke crack cocaine, meaning that a majority of people who use cocaine do so in its powder form. According to the Global Drug Survey, most respondents who identified as having used cocaine consumed between 2 and 20 times in the past year. 

Contrary to public perception, there is not a great disparity in crack cocaine use rates amongst white and Black Americans. The 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health confirms that 3.3 percent of all white people and 5 percent of all Black people over the age of 18 have used crack in their lifetime.

See the fact sheet for more information and sources.